European energy crisis intensifies the market impact on cfr incoterm
European gas prices rose sharply on August 16, with Dutch TTFSeptember gas futures, seen as a bellwether for European gas prices, soaring more than 10% in a single day to their highest intraday price since early March.
European gas prices have risen a total of 160 per cent in the past two months, a rally that does not look set to end soon.
The surge in natural gas prices also continues to push up electricity prices in Europe. Electricity prices in Europe have more than doubled since June. Germany's benchmark electricity price for next year rose 2.7 percent to 490 euros per megawatt hour, a record high for the fifth consecutive day, data from the European Energy Exchange showed on Monday. France's benchmark price for next year rose to €670 per megawatt hour, an increase of more than 5%.
Data show that Europe's external dependence on natural gas, oil and coal is 90%, 97% and 70% respectively, and Russia is the largest supplier of these three sources of energy to Europe.
Since the escalation of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, the European Union has launched several rounds of sanctions against Russia, which has gradually weakened the willingness of Russia to deliver natural gas to Europe, and the actual gas supply has also decreased sharply, which has led to the soaring energy prices in many countries in the European Union. Robert Habeck, Germany's vice-chancellor and minister of economy and climate protection, said recently that his country was experiencing "the most serious energy crisis".
Such agonies are not unique to Germany.
According to new government analysis, the UK could face a power shortfall of about a sixth of peak demand this winter under its "reasonable worst-case scenario", even after emergency coal-fired power plants are switched on, it has been reported. In January, some factories and even households may have to face "organised" blackouts and the average annual electricity bill could exceed £4,200, up from less than £2,000 at present.
Factors affecting freight forwarder cfr incoterm Freight transportation
In international freight transport, one of the most concerning issues is the price of freight transport. The cost is directly related to the cost of transportation. Because many exporters do not understand the price of transportation very much, and often have a lot of extra spending, then today to understand the factors of the price of international freight transportation?
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The transportation prices are different for different cfr incoterm
In the general international trade process, the price of transport according to different modes of transport, price is also different. International freight rates are divided into sea freight, air freight and rail freight.
The specific cfr incoterm freight rate can also be subdivided. For example, rail freight can be divided into passenger freight and freight. Shipping rates are also divided into tramp rates and liner rates. Tramp rates are also affected by market supply and demand relations at that time, while liner transport costs are relatively fixed. Airfreight can be divided into general goods, designated goods and special goods, and the specific transportation price is also determined according to the weight of transportation, at the same time, even if the volume is small, the weight is also counted by weight, but if the opposite is large, small weight, also according to the specific volume to calculate.
The choice of international logistics, the quality of logistics will affect the seller's store score, but also affect customer satisfaction rate.
Logistics advantages of the cfr incoterm in the destination country and region
In Eastern Europe, DHL has advantages in Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Hungary and other places while EMS has advantages in Greece, Russia, Turkey and other places. Western Europe, Northern Europe, southern Europe can use DHL international express, TNT international express, these two kinds of customs clearance capacity. TNT has a clear advantage in the Netherlands and Belgium.
For Canada, the United States and other American countries, FedEx, UPS and DHL are all suitable for their strong customs clearance capacity and fast time.
Applicable to Asia, South Korea, Japan, Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries DHL, FedEx. DHL and FedEx are time-saving, but THE price of DHL is higher. Indonesia also suggests USING DHL because it has a stronger customs clearance capacity.
In Oceania, DHL and UPS aging fast, with high prices; TNT and FedEx have lower prices but relatively few outlets. Particular attention should be paid to the "Made in China" label on the packaging of Australian products.
Middle East express ARAMEX, EMS for Middle East region. Commercial express in Africa is very expensive. In remote areas, IT is suggested to send EMS international express. EMS countries have the strongest customs clearance capacity. The air express cfr incoterm can reach many countries and regions that commercial express and postal express cannot reach, so the wide range of cfr incoterm transportation is its advantage.
Factors affecting the shipping price of cfr incoterm
In the process of international transportation, there are many factors affecting the price of transportation, in addition to some fuel and labor costs, there are many important factors. For example, the nature of the cfr incoterm, its own value and packaging form, as well as stowage factor and transporter's requirements for transportation, etc. There will be some fixed costs during the use of the ship, such as the ship's maintenance insurance and fuel consumption. There is also the change of supply and demand in the cfr incoterm market. In the transport off-season, transport prices are relatively low, in the transport of the peak season, transport prices will be relatively high.
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