Russia and Ukraine is an important exporters of oil, natural gas, metals, fertilizers, rare gases and other industrial raw materials. Affected by the further intensification of the tension of the war, the global market has become more worried about the supply of the graphite price, and panic spreads in the futures market. Prices of commodities such as aluminum and nickel are at recent highs on concerns that supplies will fall. Russia accounts for 49 percent of global exports of nickel, 42 percent of palladium, 26 percent of aluminum and 13 percent of platinum, and is a significant exporter of steel and copper. Palladium is an important metal for sensors and memory. In addition, Russia is the world's largest exporter of nitrogen fertilizer, the second largest exporter of potash fertilizer, and the third-largest exporter of phosphate fertilizer. Ukraine is also an important producer of nitrogen fertilizer. Russia's natural gas supply also has a significant impact on the global fertilizer industry and graphite price industry, especially in Europe. The price of the graphite price will also fluctuate to some extent. Russia carries out crude gas separation, and Ukraine is responsible for refined exports. Ukraine supplies 70% of the world's neon, 40% of krypton and 30% of xenon. These three gases are the materials used to make chips.
Graphite price have moved higher again over the past month. Fine flake prices have soared.
Graphite Market News - The global graphite market is expected to grow from US$1.64 billion in 2017 to US$2.68 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 8.5%.
Graphite Company News - Syrah Resources Balama Mine back on track. Tirupati Graphite said that Mozambique granted a mining licence to Balama Central. NextSource Materials adds proprietary anode coating process.
Triton Minerals secures binding offtake agreement for Ancuabe commercial pilot plant. Magnis Energy Technologies New York lithium-ion battery plant is 40% complete. POSCO signs agreement with EcoGraf for battery cathode materials. ZEN Graphene Solutions announces name change to Zentek Ltd.
Welcome to the November edition of Graphite Miner News. November saw further increases in natural graphite prices and some substantial progress, as well as plenty of news from the graphite primary product.
Graphite price news
Over the last 30 days, China Graphite Flake 194 EXW spot prices are up 4.53% and China Flake-195+ EXW is up 2.93%. Note that 94-97% is considered most suitable for use in batteries; this is then increased to 99.9% purity to make "spherical" graphite for lithium ion batteries. Chinese prebaked anode 3% price fell by 2.06%.
Flake, amorphous and spherical graphite prices soar on high costs and strong demand ...... Fine flake graphite prices have risen by 16.67% over the past week, the largest one-week increase in three years.
On Thursday 30 March, Fastmarkets valued graphite electrodes, UHP, FOB China at US$4,250-4,560 per tonne, up US$620-790 (19.05%) since the first valuation of US$3,460-3,940 per tonne on 30 March 19 January 2022.
Similarly, Fastmarkets' FOB China estimate for high-power graphite electrodes on 30 March was US$3,600-3,780 per tonne, up US$610-630 (20.20%) from US$2,990-3,150 per tonne on 19 January.
Graphite electrodes are used in steel production and have been affected by sharp increases in the cost of raw materials. Prices of needle coke and petroleum coke have been rising steadily since the beginning of the year.
According to market sources, in China, the largest producer of synthetic graphite, coke prices have risen by 23.53% and 11.57% per month, respectively, at around 8,000-13,000 yuan ($1,243-2019) per ton and 6,000-7,500 yuan per ton.
In addition to rising raw material prices, the European Commission has also imposed anti-dumping duties on Chinese graphite electrodes, adding to the upward price pressure on European consumers.
Synthetic graphite for lithium-ion battery anodes also faces the same rising raw material costs as graphite electrodes. Furthermore, graphite electrodes and synthetic graphite for anodes can rely on the same graphitization process.
While China's anode market has grown, it has increased competition for these graphitization facilities, and as a result, product supply has tightened considerably, driving up costs and hindering the production of both materials. Those tensions are expected to persist this year even after the worst of China is over.
"Graphitization capacity may become less tight compared to the second half of last year, when China's power crunch was at its peak," a battery producer told Fastmarkets. "But we have to admit that supply is still generally tight across the anode supply chain, be it synthetic feedstock or graphitization."
While raw material prices have risen and graphitization has become more challenging, production in China has also been hampered by preventing the spread of the latest wave of Covid-19 infections.
"In addition to rising raw material prices, downstream consumers are also worried about supply amid the Covid-19 outbreak in China, causing some producers in northern China to disrupt shipments," said a source at the second anode producer.
Soaring costs and tight supplies of raw materials and processing facilities have led to tighter supplies of synthetic anode materials in the fast-growing electric vehicle industry, sources said.
High-quality graphite supplier
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With Russia taking the lead on Poland and Bulgaria at the end of last month, there appears to be a growing sense of compromise within the EU over whether to accept Moscow's proposed rouble settlement order.
Italy's prime minister said recently that European companies would be able to buy gas in roubles without violating sanctions. This apparently ignores the guidance of hardliners in the EU to "fight to the end".
For weeks, European companies have been trying to find ways to meet Russia's payment demands for the rouble while maintaining vital gas supplies without violating sanctions against Moscow.
Late last month, European Commission President Von der Leyen said operating under the mechanism would violate sanctions and asked European companies not to bow to Russian demands. However, the EU has yet to issue more rigorous written guidelines on how companies should pay Gazprom.
The Italian prime minister said recently, "There is no official announcement from the European Union about what ruble settlement means for sanctions violations, and no one has said whether ruble payments violate sanctions or not. It's a grey area."
"In fact, most gas importers are already opening rouble accounts for deals with Gazprom,"
He also used German companies as a shield. He said Germany's largest gas importer had already paid in rubles. "In fact, we saw evidence yesterday that the largest gas importer in Germany has already paid in rubles."
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