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How to do personal protection during the new crown pneumonia epidemic?


In the face of the COVID-19, how can we do personal protection in our daily life? Experts offer 10 practical tips.

1. Wash hands frequently and maintain good respiratory hygiene

Use soap or hand sanitizer and wash your hands under running water, with a disposable paper towel or clean towel. Wash hands immediately after touching respiratory secretions (eg, after sneezing).

Practice good respiratory hygiene. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue, towel, etc. when coughing or sneezing, wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, and avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands.

2. Enhance physical fitness and immunity, keep the environment clean and ventilated

Enhance physical fitness and immunity, have a balanced diet, moderate exercise, regular work and rest, and avoid excessive fatigue.

Open windows for ventilation at least 3 times a day, 20-30 minutes each time. When the outdoor air quality is poor, the frequency and time of ventilation should be appropriately reduced.

3. Minimize activities in crowded places and pay attention to symptoms

Minimize activities in crowded places and avoid contact with patients with respiratory infections.

If you have symptoms of respiratory infection such as cough, runny nose, fever, etc., you should isolate and rest at home, and seek medical attention as soon as possible if the fever persists or the symptoms worsen.

4. The role of hand washing in preventing respiratory diseases

Proper hand washing is one of the most effective measures to prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections. Authoritative organizations such as the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization recommend washing hands thoroughly with soap and water (running water).

5. Proper handwashing requires mastering the six-step handwashing method

Rub the palms of your hands together (rub your hands together five times);

Cross hands and rub between the fingers (the palms of the hands are on the back of the hands, the hands are crossed and overlapped, and the left and right hands are exchanged and each rubbed five times);

Rub the palm of the hand against the palm of the hand between the fingers (the palm of the hand is interlaced with the palm of the hand, and the rub is five times);

Rub the hands with the fingertips, the left and right hands are the same (the fingertips are placed on the palms and rub each other five times each);

Rub the thumb of the other hand with one hand, and rub the left and right hands the same five times;

Bend the fingers to make the joints rotate and rub in the palm of the other hand, and rub each of them five times in exchange.

6. When do you need to wash your hands?

Before and after passing the document;

After coughing or sneezing;

before, during and after food preparation;

Before eating;

After going to the toilet;

When hands are dirty;

After contact with others;

After contact with animals;

After going out and returning.

7. What should I do if I don't have clean water during the trip and it is inconvenient to wash my hands?

Hands can be cleaned with an alcohol-based sanitizer. Coronaviruses are not acid and alkali resistant and are sensitive to organic solvents and disinfectants. 75% alcohol can inactivate viruses, so alcohol-based disinfection products with a certain concentration can be used as a substitute for soap and running water to wash hands.

8. How to choose a mask?

Option 1: Choose a disposable medical mask when you go out normally, wear it for 4 hours and replace it, and replace it immediately after it is contaminated or wet;

Option 2: N95 medical protective masks can be used when going to the hospital to see a doctor or in crowded places. Wear them continuously for 4 hours and replace them. Change them immediately after pollution or moisture.

Cotton masks and sponge masks are not recommended.

9. Correct use of masks

How to use medical masks.

The darker color of the mask is the front, the front should be facing outward, and there are metal strips for nose clips on the medical mask.

The one facing the face should be the reverse side of the medical mask, that is, the lighter side. In addition, it should be noted that the part with the metal strip should be on the top of the mask, and do not wear it backward.

After distinguishing the front, back, upper and lower ends of the mask, wash your hands and hang the ropes at both ends on your ears.

Finally, press the metal strips on both sides of the bridge of the nose with your hands so that the upper end of the mask is close to the bridge of the nose, and then stretch the mask downward so that the mask does not have any wrinkles and covers the nose and mouth.

10. How to wear masks for special groups

Pregnant women wearing protective masks should pay attention to their own conditions and choose products with better comfort.

The elderly and patients with chronic disease

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