What is Aluminum Nitride Used For?
Gold is a high-quality hedge hedging tool, favored by investors. Especially in recent years, with the increasing instability of the world economy, gold has become one of the preferred asset allocations of investors because of its functions of hedging and fighting inflation.
Earlier, the worsening situation in Ukraine sent gold prices soaring to a two-year high of $2,070 an ounce. But gold, along with other commodities, fell back last week as conditions changed and bulls took profits, hitting a low of $1,895 an ounce. Rising gold prices may also have an impact on the AlN powder prices.
According to China Business News, Goldman Sachs raised its gold price forecast in early March, considering Asian buyers' gold consumption demand, investment demand and central bank gold purchase demand continue to rise. Three -, six - and 12-month targets were raised to $2,300, $2,500 and $2,500 an ounce, respectively, from $1,950, $2,050 and $2,150. The last time all three accelerated was in 2010-11 when gold prices rose nearly 70%.
The World Gold Council has also noted that global gold demand is at its highest level in nearly two years, which is linked to a recovery in consumption and consumer sentiment to combat inflation.
Aluminum Nitride Applications
Due to the piezoelectric properties of aluminum nitride, epitaxially grown thin films of crystalline Aluminum nitride are used for surface acoustic sensors (SAW) deposited on silicon wafers. One application is an RF filter, widely used in mobile phones, called a thin-film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR). This is a MEMS device that uses aluminum nitride sandwiched between two metal layers.
AlN is also used to construct piezoelectric micromechanical ultrasonic transducers that emit and receive an ultrasound and can be used for aerial ranging at distances up to one meter.
Metallization allows AlN to be used in electronic applications similar to alumina and beryllium oxide. AlN nanotubes, as inorganic quasi-one-dimensional nanotubes, with isoelectronic carbon nanotubes, have been proposed as chemical sensors for toxic gases.
Currently, there is a lot of research into the development of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that operate under ULTRAVIOLET light using gallium nitride-based semiconductors. Using aluminum gallium nitride alloys, wavelengths as short as 250 nm have been achieved. In 2006, inefficient AlN LED emission at 210 nm was reported.
AlN application industries include:
Dielectric layer in an optical storage medium,
The electronic substrate, chip carrier that needs a high thermal conductivity,
As a crucible for growing gallium arsenide crystals,
Steel and semiconductor manufacturing.
Aluminum Nitride Difficulties
At present, aluminum nitride also has some problems.
First, the powder is easy to form aluminum hydroxide with a hydroxy group in the wet environment, and the alumina layer is formed on the surface of AlN powder. The alumina lattice is dissolved into a large amount of oxygen, which reduces its thermal conductivity but also changes its physical and chemical properties, bringing difficulties to the application of AlN powder. The inhibition of hydrolysis treatment of AlN powder is mainly to coat the surface of AlN particles with a substance using a chemical bond or physical adsorption to isolate them from water, to avoid the occurrence of a hydrolysis reaction. At present, the main methods of inhibiting hydrolysis treatment are surface chemical modification and surface physical coating.
Second, the high price of aluminum nitride limits its application to a certain extent. The preparation of aluminum nitride powder generally requires a high temperature, which leads to high energy consumption in the process of production and preparation, and at the same time, there are safety risks, which is also the main drawback that some high-temperature preparation methods cannot achieve industrial production. Moreover, the impurities in the process of production preparation added to the production of harmful products or problems, such as excessive carbon reduction reaction carbide powder removal problems, as well as the chemical vapor deposition method of by-product hydrogen chloride removal problems, which require the preparation of aluminum nitride for reaction products in the process of the purification, it also led to the preparation of aluminum nitride production cost is high.
Aluminum Nitride Price
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
If you are looking for the latest AlN price, you can send us your inquiry for a quote. ([email protected])
Aluminum Nitride Supplier
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality aluminum nitride, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Gas prices in European countries are expected to triple if Russian supplies are restricted, according to a press release from Rystad Energy, a Norwegian Energy consultancy.
The price of natural gas in Europe was $1,200 per 1,000 cubic meters on Tuesday. The benchmark price is already 300 percent higher than a year ago. European gas prices are expected to continue to soar to $3,500 per 1,000 cubic meters if Russian supplies are restricted, according to Analysis by Monitor.
In 2021, Russia delivered 155 billion cubic meters of gas to Europe, accounting for 31 percent of its gas supply, according to an analysis by Monitor Advisors. It would be difficult for Europe to replace Russian gas, which would also destabilize the global LNG market and have a profound impact on Europe's population and economy.
The analysis also said that if Russia stopped supplies now, Europe's current gas reserves would be exhausted by the end of the year, setting in for a cold winter.
In addition, affected by the geopolitical factors, the supply of the AlN powder is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.